Nobler than Nobel


Thanks to big-budget research firms and the laboratories lavishly spending for the research works for which the humanity is getting ‘happy’. More and more inventions are surprising the people of the planet and certainly benefits are being pocketed by scientists overtly. They are getting prestigious awards even the Nobel Prize. But covertly the patrons are being the real beneficiary. Most of the research works, though not all, are designed to serve the funder’s purpose. And that is logical that money will attain the goal of the money holder. Rice is more necessary than research works designed to make rich people’s life more easy and comfortable. Certainly there is competition to claim credit by different super powers in the funding the research works or laboratories.

What could be nobler than the Nobel Prize itself. No I am not talking about any prize in terms of the prize money of Nobel but the important things in gravity. Had Alfred Nobel been alive he would have willed his earnings for several billion poor people of the world. Still the Swedish Nobel Academy could institute funds for feeding the destitute. If they are unwilling to avoid feeding people belonging to certain religion, they can 5.7 billion excluding the 130 crore Muslims.

Could the poor people accumulate funds to the amount willed by the Alfred Nobel, it would have been to great benefit of the 5.5 billion poor. Poverty could have been sent to museum, as gloatingly Bangladeshi Nobel Prize laureate Dr Yunus once claimed. Every October arrives with the message to the world that how far the world has progressed in physics, chemistry, medicine, economics, literature and peace. With the days passing by more and more people are getting poor and greedy corporatists are accumulating more and more be it in the Asia, Africa or in the West and America. People are going to Occupy Wall Street and demonstrating hundreds of cities in around one hundred countries. In these countries, where protesters are flocking in different squares, there are digital divide. Protesters are setting fire to vehicles, looting banks where money is being concentrated as the peaceful protests are not working. They want an end to corporate culture, business tycoons and their greed.
In spite of Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street movement in countless cities Swedish Nobel Academy has this year awarded Nobel Prize.

Physics 2011

Three US-born scientists won the Nobel Prize in physics Tuesday for discovering that the universe is expanding at an accelerating pace, a stunning revelation that suggests the cosmos will eventually freeze to ice.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said American Saul Perlmutter would share the 10 million kronor ($1.5 million) award with U.S.-Australian Brian Schmidt and U.S. scientist Adam Riess. Working in two separate research teams during the 1990s — Perlmutter in one and Schmidt and Riess in the other — the scientists raced to map the universe’s expansion by analyzing a particular type of supernovas, or exploding stars.
They found that the light emitted by more than 50 distant supernovas was weaker than expected, a sign that the universe was expanding at an accelerating rate, the academy said.
“For almost a century the universe has been known to be expanding as a consequence of the Big Bang about 14 billion years ago,” the citation said. “However the discovery that this expansion is accelerating is astounding. If the expansion will continue to speed up the universe will end in ice.”
Perlmutter, 52, heads the Supernova Cosmology Project at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California, Berkeley.
Schmidt, 44, is the head of the High-z Supernova Search Team at the Australian National University in Weston Creek, Australia.
Riess, 41, is an astronomy professor at Johns Hopkins University and Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland.
Schmidt said he was just sitting down to have dinner with his family in Canberra, Australia, when the phone call came.
“I was somewhat suspicious when the Swedish voice came on,” Schmidt told The Associated Press. “My knees sort of went weak and I had to walk around and sort my senses out.”
The academy said the three researchers were stunned by their own discoveries — they had expected to find that the expansion of the universe was slowing down. But both teams reached the opposite conclusion: faraway galaxies were racing away from each other at an ever-increasing speed.
The discovery was “the biggest shakeup in physics, in my opinion, in the last 30 years,” said Phillip Schewe, a physicist and spokesman at the Joint Quantum Institute, which is operated by the University of Maryland and the federal government.
“I remember everyone thinking at the time (that) there was some mistake,” Schewe said. But there was no mistake, and in fact the basic finding was confirmed later by other measurements. Other scientists found evidence for it when they analyzed the microwave radiation left over from the big bang that still bathes the universe, he said.
Perlmutter told AP his team made the discovery in steps, analyzing the data and assuming it was wrong.
“And after months, you finally believe it,” he said. “It’s not quite a surprise anymore. I tell people it’s the longest “ah-ha” experience that you’ve ever had.”
Fred Dylla, executive director of the American Institute of Physics, said the prize confirmed an idea from Albert Einstein, called the cosmological constant, that Einstein inserted in his general theory of relativity, a cornerstone of modern physics.
Einstein later repudiated that idea as his “biggest blunder,” but it did lead to a lot of theoretical and experimental studies, Dylla said.
The research implies that billions of years from now, the universe will become “a very, very large, but very cold and lonely place,” said Charles Blue, spokesman for the American Institute of Physics.
In contrast to the big bang, that fate has been called the “big rip” to indicate how galaxies would be torn apart, he said. Galaxies will be flying away so quickly that their light could not travel across the universe to distant observers as it does today, making the sky appear black, he said.
The Nobel committee’s comment that the universe would “end in ice” is “an eloquent way of putting it,” Blue said.
The physics prize was the second Nobel to be announced this year. On Monday the medicine prize went to American Bruce Beutler and French scientist Jules Hoffmann who shared it with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman for their discoveries about the immune system. Steinman died three days before the announcement, but since his death was not known to the committee, they decided he should keep the Nobel. Since 1974, Nobels have been awarded only to living scientists.
The prestigious Nobel Prizes were established in the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, and have been handed out since 1901.
Last year’s physics award went to Russian-born scientists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for groundbreaking experiments with graphene, the strongest and thinnest material known to mankind.
The prizes are handed out every year on Dec. 10, on the anniversary of Nobel’s death in 1896.

Chemistry 2011
This year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been won by Daniel Shechtman for the discovery of quasicrystals
The last of the science Nobel prizes is announced today for contributions to chemistry. To complete our coverage of the week’s awards, we will be following events live here.

Medicine 2011
Three scientists who “revolutionised” understanding of how the body fights infection have shared this year’s Nobel prize for medicine.
Bruce Beutler, of the US, Jules Hoffmann from France and Ralph Steinman from Canada all shared the prize.
Profs Beutler and Hoffman discovered how the body’s first line of defence was activated.
Prof Steinman discovered the dendritic cell, which helps defeat infection.
Twin defences
The immune system can be broadly divided into two parts: innate and adaptive.
The innate immune system is the immediate response and halts infection by destroying foreign microorganisms and triggering inflammation.
In 1996, Prof Hoffmann discovered that a gene called “Toll” was essential for kick starting the innate system in fruit flies. Without the gene, the flies could not “sense” and then fight bacterial infection.
An equivalent gene, Toll-like receptor, was found by Prof Beutler in 1998 in his study on mice.
More than a dozen Toll-like receptors have since been found in humans.
The adaptive immune system takes longer to activate, but clears the infection and can provide long lasting protection.
Prof Steinman discovered, in 1973, the dendritic cell. He showed that it can act as a bridge between the two immune systems, deciding whether to activate the adaptive system.

Peace 2011

This year’s Nobel Peace Prize is being awarded to three women jointly for their work in supporting women’s rights in developing countries.

Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberia’s Leymah Gbowee and Yemen’s Tawakkul Karman received the award “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work,” according to a release from the prize committee.

Literature 2011

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2011 was awarded to Tomas Tranströmer “because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality”.

Most of the big-budget laboratories and research firms with their findings and achievements get awarded either way and certainly they are financed by multinational corporate and their patrons. Scholars are bought with nothing but scholarship, PhD, fat salaries, perks and packages. There are a few research firms working on poverty issues because poor people can’t eat two square meals a let alone funding poverty research centres. They don’t afford scholars. But to our knowledge no such firms or research works and their suggestions were awarded Nobel. World is looking forward to the days when the leaders of the poor people will award PhD, Nobel Prize, prize money only for working for the poor and create a hunger free world full of justice, parity, equality and peace.

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