Cities and Syndromes

To dwell in a city of historic importance like Jerusalem, Istanbul and Belgrade is undoubtedly a matter of pride, chauvinism and glory. But when these cities, with rich past, national aspirations, geostrategic locations etc, fall prey to ambitious empires, kings and expansionists these senses evaporate as quickly as possible. Cities of such scale were either besieged, razed to the ground or their fabrics were totally changed. On top of all repeated occupation, trouble and ideological war may cause some medical problems that commonly go together, which might show the existence of a particular disease or mental condition. Baghdad or Sanaa could have been included in the list of the handpicked cities to be discussed today. In spite of their being two of the oldest cities in the world they are excluded because they are neither on the periphery of the Muslim world nor at the cultural crossroads as Jerusalem is. These trio cities — Jerusalem, Istanbul and Belgrade —represent some characters in common, having multi-cultural heritage, multi-ethnicity, demographic diversity etc. Apart from all these there are some syndromes associated with the trio. One more common thing among these cities is that they provide the cultural frontiers, fault lines and the confluence of the different cultures. These frontier cities will be one of the precursors of civilizations in future.

The history of civilizations, as determined by the study of archaeological and written records, says ancient history begins with the invention of writing. However, the roots of civilization predates it. Prehistory begins in the Early Stone Age, which is followed by the New Stone Age, and the Agricultural Revolution preceded the Industrial Revolution before today’s domination of Service Sector. The agricultural period marked a shift in human history, as humans began the systematic husbandry of plants and animals. Agriculture advanced and the farmers started settling permanently. Organised farming developed and prompted a division of labour to store food. Labour divisions then led to the rise of a leisured upper class and the development of cities. Many cities developed on the banks of River Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, Indus, Jordan, Danube and the major rivers in China.


On the basin of River Jordan Jerusalem city sprouted and it hosts Masjidul Aqsa, Mount Temple and Dome of the Rock. It is one of the oldest cities of the world, so is its history. Since the time immemorial Jerusalem has been destroyed twice and besieged 23 times. It was attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times down the history. The city was settled in the 4th millennium BC, making Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world. With the city’s central position in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the city is testimony to 5,000 years of inhabited history. It is often influenced by ideological bias or background. It is a place of contention for Judaism, Christendom and Islam. For example, the Jewish periods of the city’s history are important to Israeli nationalists, whose discourse states that modern Jews descend from the Israelites and Maccabees. Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus Christ, is not far from Jerusalem headquarters. The Islamic periods of the city’s history are important to Muslims, whose narratives suggest that modern Palestinians descend from all the different peoples who have lived in the region. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH)’s night journey towards heaven right from the Dome of the Rock. These three parties claim but after the consecutive crusades the Christians apparently stopped warring with the Muslims to occupy the holy land. But it never ceased to be a bone of contention to Israelis and Palestinians representing two religions. Both sides claim the history of the city has been politicized by the other in order to strengthen their relative claims to the city, and that this is borne out by the different focuses the different writers place on the various events and eras in the city’s history. The city visitors sometimes suffer from Jerusalem syndrome. Jerusalem syndrome is a group of mental phenomena involving the presence of either religiously themed obsessive ideas, delusions or other psychosis-like experiences that are triggered by a visit to the city of Jerusalem.


Unlike often-aggressed Jerusalem Istanbul is one of the fortunate cities. It is not ravaged repeatedly by the emperors, war lords or occupiers. It is the real Eurasia which connects between Asia and Europe. Historically Constantinople was capital of Byzantium, Roman and Ottoman empires for 1600 years. On 29th May in 1453 the most populous city came under the rule of Ottoman Turks. Even the Ottoman rule extended up to Hungary including Italy, Greece. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosphorus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical centre lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives on the Asian side. The city is the administrative centre of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul ranks as world’s 5th-largest city proper and the largest European city with a population of around 14 million.

Founded under the name of Byzantium on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BCE, the city developed to become one of the most significant cities in history. After its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 CE, it served as an imperial capital during the Roman and Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1922) empires. It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate.

Istanbul’s geostrategic position on the historic Silk Road, rail networks to Europe and the Middle East, and the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean have produced a cosmopolitan populace. Overlooked for the new capital during the interwar period, the city has since regained much of its prominence. The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have moved in and city limits have expanded to accommodate them. Arts, music, film and cultural festivals were established at the end of the 20th century and continue to be hosted by the city today, and infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network.

Approximately 12.56 million foreign visitors arrived in Istanbul in 2015, five years after it was named a European Capital of Culture, making the city the world’s fifth most popular tourist destination. The city’s biggest attraction is its historic centre, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its cultural and entertainment hub that can be found across the city’s natural harbour, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district.

Today’s Istanbul is sprouting, with a constantly growing skyline which is one of the most prominent in all of Europe and Western Asia. New developments are constantly being implemented including new metro lines, residential buildings and underground transportation projects such as the Tunnel under Marmara Sea — the deepest one in the world. Along with these developments, the city is increasingly becoming the centre of operations for many international organizations such as the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Turkic Council and D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation.

After the revival of political Islam and the success of a number of Islamist parties in election in some of the Middle East and North African countries, a new term is being coined— the Turkish model. Some Islamists are suffering what can be called ‘Istanbul Syndrome’. Istanbul Syndrome is an idolization of some-sort of Turkey’s leading Islamist political party and what it represents. The Muslim Brothers in Egypt, for instance, are still referring to the possibility of applying the Turkish model.


As Baghdad sprawled in between two rivers and was ravaged repeatedly so is Belgrade. Baghdad sprouted on the River Tigris and Euphrates but Belgrade city developed on the banks of Danube and Sava. It dates back to at least 7000 BC. One of the largest prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved from the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming it Singidūn. It was conquered by the Romans during the reign of Augustus, and awarded city rights in the mid-2nd century. It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times before it became the capital of King Stephen Dragut in (1282–1316). In 1521 Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of a sanjak. It frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. The north of Belgrade remained a Habsburg outpost until 1918, when it was merged into the capital city. As a geostrategic location, the city was battled over in 115 wars and razed to the ground 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918, to its final dissolution in 2006. To me Balkan is almost synonymous with battleground and Belgrade is the most beleaguered belt where battle cry was heard over hundred times in history. If any city suffer like Belgrade suffer dozens of war may be called a city suffering from ‘Belgrade Syndrome’ and that may be Baghdad not New York or Bern. Because Baghdad has that prospect of being second to Belgrade in the number of wars and Iraqis are braving thousands of kilometres in between Baghdad to Bavaria.

Thank Allah there is nothing like ‘Dhaka Syndrome’ like that of Jerusalem Syndrome. There is no possibility for Bangladeshis to suffer from Jerusalem Syndrome because they are prohibited to visit Israel. But Bangladeshis have every possibility to have Istanbul Syndrome because the Muslims have every right to go and visit Turkey and import political Islam though the present govt is very harsh on the Islamists here in the country. Last but not the least Dhaka may have Belgrade Syndrome if it is attacked by its hostile neighbours 114 times, though in near past it suffered one war in 1971 when Pakistanis played havoc with Dhaka. To reach the mark of Belgrade’s war tally Dhaka will have to go a long way having more wars with misfortunes, disasters and, of course, warring attitudes with its neighbours. Hope the capital of Bangladesh won’t follow the course of war, destruction, genocide and a total collapse.

Kids forums are linked with wars

After Harb al-Fizzar Hilf Al-Fudhul was established in 582/585AD when the sensitive mind of 15-year-old Mohammad was deeply moved. To see another children organization launched the world had to wait Great War that is World War I in 1914. Of course Lord Baden Powel launched Boy Scout in 1907-08 as Boar War had devastating effect on diverse societies including children. From Boy Scout or Rover Scout Girls’ Guide, Cub Scout were influenced. In the wake of catastrophic WWI, which ended in 1918, Save the Children was established in the UK in April 1919. After the World War II had ended in 1945, breaking out in 1939, UNICEF was kicked off in 1946. The world still needs some children organisations urgently against the backdrop of the world getting quite unsafe for the children but nothing to that scale is being seen in the horizon. Most probably the world is waiting for the Third World War to be saturated with children welfare organisations. That possible but unexpected war is most likely to give a boom to the number of children organisations. Until that tipping point of the planet probably the kids like Aylan and Galip will be being washed ashore.
Was Aylan Kurdi worthy of drawing attention of world children platforms when he was living? No he wasn’t either worthy of services provided by the Bangladeshi children organisations because Aylan or Alan was born as a child in war-ravaged Middle Eastern country Syria. On top of all a small portion of poor children born in Bangladesh avail the services of children organisations as it a developing country dogged by corruption and poverty. They are not even rich enough to keep watch on fellow Muslim country children. It could have been oil-rich Saudi Arabia to come forward by establishing international adolescents’ association and thus follow the path of Muhammad (PBUH).
But as Kingdom of Saudi Arabia or any nation else from the Middle East couldn’t establish international children organisation/s father of two sons—Alan Kurdi and Galip Kurdi — himself tirelessly tried to tailor his boys’ future. In Turkish temporary refugee camp, of course without refugee status and UNHCR recognition, they had stayed for three years. Seeing no future they attempted to escape the Arab world; first to Canada then to Europe but the Kurdis ended up in seas. They were washed ashore rather the humanity washed ashore. Their deaths certainly have deeply moved the children organisers across the planet including those of Bangladesh.
History of first rights organisation has a background story. At a place known as ‘Ukaz, a great annual fair used to be held during the month of Dhul-Qa’dah during which war and bloodshed were forbidden. At one of the fairs, war broke out between the Quraish and the Banu Kinanah on one side and the Qais ‘Aylan on the other. This war continued for a number of years. The lewd scenes, drunken affrays and the horrors of the war must have created a deep impression on Muhammad’s sensitive mind. When the Quraish were ultimately victorious, a organisation was formed to prevent disturbances of peace, to help victims of oppression, and to protect travellers. Muhammad took a very active interest in the functioning of this league which came into being as a result of a settlement known as Hilf-ul-Fudhul between Banu Hashim, Banu Taym, Banu Asad, Banu Zuhrah and Banu Muttalib. The league continued to function for half a century following the inception of Islam. Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) could have floated women rights organisation, committee to protect elderly people, association to assist Arabs, board to bar barbarism against the Blacks, animal rights organisation, uphold the underprivileged street urchins, green movement, anti-corruption movement, save the slaves, long march for the labourers, initiative for intellectual property rights, platform to protect our planet and the such like when he instituted hilf al fudhul to help the helpless people. Instead of treating all wounds of humanity separately he started preaching Islam once he was nominated for prophetic duty. Islam became an epitome of everyone’s rights, combining all the good qualities, theories, socio-economic systems in it.
History of children organisation in Russia, Bangladesh, China, Korea is also not long. In the first quarter of 20th century children movements in diverse names surfaced. Pioneer movement was kicked off in Russia. Bangladesh Scout Movement commenced in 1916 and China came to see children movement in the name of Little Red Scout or Little Red Guards. During this time young children’s forum was also formed in Pyongyang.
Bangladesh Scout Movement was started by SK Mallik with the patronage of British Empire primarily in missionary and government schools. Soon after 1916 anti-British movement started and then kicked off ‘bratachari’ movement. Poet Sukanta Bhattacharya came up with a children entity Kishore Bahini for leftist causes. Kolkata-based The Daily Anandabazar initiated Monimela to groom Hindu boys and girls while The Daily Azad floated Mukuler Mahfil to create worthy and Muslim citizens for Indian subcontinent. Rebel Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam rahmatullah chose the name Mukuler Mahfil and the organisation was launched on August 7 in 1941. Inspired by Mukuler Mahfil new organisation Mukuler Mela was kicked off in Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and Assam in the backdrop of Pakistan movement but in 1947 the name was changed to Mukul Fouz.

Pakistan came into being once the British quit India. The number of Mukul Fouz’s branch organisations reached 400 during 50s and 60s. After partition in July 1948, East Pakistan Boy Scouts Association was formed merely by virtue of the government patronage. Against the background of Language movement in 1952 and over two months after the martyrdom of Salam Barkat, Rafik, Jabbar children society Khelaghar was established. The Daily Sangbad was the pioneer of Khelaghar. Nineteen fifty six saw the rise of ‘Kachikachar Mela’, brainchild of Begum Sufia Kamal and Abdullah Al-Muti Sarfuddin. The Daily Ittefaq became the centre of literary activity of it’s members. With two talented pioneers at the helm — writer Rokonuzzaman Dadabhai and artist Shilpacharya Jainul Abedin — the organisation clicked in different international competitions and won many prizes. Once again it proved that every organisation needs really talented guy to train its members and make it successful. In 1963 another organisation ‘Pakistan Shaheen Fouz’ was floated. It splintered into ‘Sabuj Sena’ and ‘Shaheen Fouz’
Another war broke out in between the Eastern and Western parts of Pakistan. War of Independence in 1971 opened a new phase. Phulkunri was established in 1978. Two other organisations — Chader Haat, Surya Sena — were also working in Bangladesh like 14 others. In 1979 an umbrella organisation ‘Bangladesh Shishukishore Kalyan Federation’ combining 16 organisations. Now the federation is expanded under ‘Bangladesh Shishu Kalyan Parishad’ with 54 children organisations altogether. Most of them are working without or minimum government support both in residential area as well as educational institutions.
War is in no way expected except a large number of good soul of the world are under attack. Any trouble affects children’s mind, particularly war endangers the lives of children. War child management, treating the kids’ trauma, socio-psychological effects of gun powder on tender minds pose a great threat to children, prompting to form organisations, be it for women or for children. No one expects the surge in the number children organisations. The more the merrier can’t be applied here.

Indian Cowing into No Beef Eating by Bangladeshis

In school days Bangladeshi students most likely have read an essay on the cow which was not only read but also memorized to appear at exams. But the essay succeeded to help pass the examinations but pathetically failed to inspire the essay readers to make Bangladesh a milk or meat surplus country. The essay could have instilled enthusiasm into every primary student to love, rear or if possible own a cow farm in future as a source of milk, meat and other things. S/he could have learned it for the benefit not only of his family but also for his country. At least the old good days could have been invoked when every Bangladeshi household had a cowshed full of cattle, a pond full of fish and a granary full of paddy. Indian cows were never ever have to be smuggled into the country. Besides, Indian ministers wouldn’t have to threaten to stop eating beef from their cows. If BSF were to implement Indian minister Rajnath Singh’s instructions strictly, India would be saddled with an additional expenditure in excess of Rs 31,000 crore annually and diametrically Bangladesh’s hard-earned foreign currencies amounting to 38000 crore taka won’t have to be drained out. On top of all Bangladeshi killing on border by BSF could have been stopped successfully.
World Cattle
Before we switch on to cattle situation in Bangladesh let us know the world cattle population and its distribution. The world cattle is estimated to be about 1.3 billion in 2009 when the number of chickens is more than the total number of human population (7 billion). But Bangladesh performs very poor in this sector in spite of being geographically located in the best cattle farming regions in the world— South Asia. As of 2003, the continent of Africa has about 231 million head of cattle but are often an “integral” part of the culture and way of life. It marks the starkest contrast between Bangladesh and India’s cattle production in spite of being in the same geographical region. The table below will show the top cattle-rich areas of the world where Bangladesh is missing. Number of cattle heads and the countries are given below (By 2003).
India has 285,000,000 cattle, Brazil 187,087,000, China 139,721,000, USA 96,669,000, EU 87,650,000, Argentina 51,062,000, Pakistan 38,300,000, Australia 29,202,000, Mexico 26,489,000, Russian Federation 18,370,000, South Africa 14,187,000, Canada 13,945,000, and other countries 49,756,000.
Source: Internet
Nuke and Meat
If we look at world nuclear weapons in the light of meat consumption we will be surprised to know some facts. Among the nuclear arms producing nations the US nationals consume meat most while India is the lowest. In 2009 meat consumption was as follows- US (120.2kg), France (86.7kg), UK (84.2kg), Russia (62.9kg), China (58.2kg), Israel (96kg), Pakistan (14.7kg) and India (4.4kg). World average meat consumption is 41.90 kg per person per year. Out of the total consumption beef makes up the 50 per cent of the supply. Among the arms buying countries Kuwait is the highest (119.2kg) consumer of meat while a Bangladeshi eats the lowest (4kg) amount of meat in one year. Those old good days have gone with the decrease in meat consumption in Bangladesh which is going to have nuclear plant at Rooppur. With the same amount of meat consumption India is producing nuke weapon whereas Bangladesh is far away from having nuclear technology.

Belief and Beef
Sacrificing animals and corn is as old as Abel (Habeel) and Kain (Kabeel) — two sons of Adam. Muslims as believers in Abrahamic religion have to sacrifice animals in the name of Allah. The meat of sacrificed animals is distributed among the poor. In Bangladesh poor people irrespective of cast creed, society and religions enjoy meat during the Eid-ul-Adha. To supply protein to the poor and unfed in this way is obligatory for a practicing Muslim. It is a very humanist activity to ensure protein for the poor. At this present world people need more protein, particularly in Bangladesh and India where people eat over four kilograms meat a year, 116 kg less than those of American consumption. As Bangladesh is predominantly a Muslim country so believers here should raise their own cattle to sacrifice. It would be beneficial both for their belief and Bangladesh. On top of all the UN should declare the day of Eid-ul-Adha as International Day to Ensure Protein for the Poor because majority of the people don’t eat 120 gram protein and 250 ml milk every day. It should be one of the MDGs of the UN which can make governments address this issue.
How Did Cowsheds Disappear?
But over a few centuries last Bangla-speaking people particularly Muslims have experienced socio-economic and educational exploitations under British occupation of the subcontinent. Even with the end of British Raj the marginalization didn’t end during Pakistani period rather the common folks of Bangladesh are still being robbed of their properties undercover. Many problems dogged Bangladeshis with the Hindu zamindars in power. With the economic marginalizationBengalis lost many things including, rich rice variety, fish population and sufficiency in milk and meat. Dairying reached rock bottom when the per capita daily availability of milk and meat stoodat 32.6 ml and 10.2 g against the requirement of 250ml and 120g respectively. In the fiscal 2009-10, total milk shortfall was 10.96 million tonnes, according to Department of Livestock. The major constraints to dairy cattle production are the shortages of quality feeds and fodder, the breeds of cattle, poor management practices, limited access to veterinary care and disorganised marketing systems. In addition, there is a lack of institutional support, research and training, which would be beneficial to the farming environment.
Job Creation and Cattle
Income generation, poverty alleviation are two other major challenges for Bangladesh.The only answer to lift people out of poverty is job creation. Creating jobs in urban areas is expensive due to higher living cost. Cattle farming may be one way out in rural areas to reduce pressure of jobseekers in urban areas. Dairy product companies urge farmers to treat dairy as business instead of treating farming as usual. Cattle farming also offers scope of producing biogas and bio-fertiliser. From cow dung, skin and hide to meat everythingis useful which make dairy a profitable investment. The sector should be declared a priority sector and Ekushey Padak should be awarded to the best cattle farmer in next five years. Farmers’ social status should be recreated. Best farmers should be given sponsorship to visit best cattle farmers in the world.Before that agricultural graduates should be encouraged if possible made mandatory to do animal farming business. On top of all govt should attach special importance to this sector.
What Experts Suggest
Industry analysts link low milk and meat yield to a slow pace in replacement of local cows with the genetically improved ones, a lack of breeding and veterinary services and inadequate investment in feed and fodder development. Farmers also need veterinary care, animal husbandry, dairy housing, quality feed and breed improvement through artificial insemination.Farmers feel to be tipped on better housing and feeding of cows, keeping untied, ensuring light and wind, keeping water jar for anytime drink. The farmers also need de-worming and periodical vaccination for the cows. By importing semen from the US, it also gives artificial insemination services to farmers at cost price with the aim ofimproving existing breeds of cows to scale up milk yield and a revolution. Govt should come up to set up more and more chilling centres, aiding the milk farmers of the country. Private sectors should be encouraged to initiate such projects.
Cattle Revolution
For a cattle revolution Bangladesh needs (i) high-input intensive fodder crop production; (ii) introduction of high-yielding forages and cultivation practices suited to different areas/regions; (iii) low-input pasture and forage production on marginal and submarginal land; (iv) production and dissemination of quality forage seed; (v) integrated systems of fodder production under dryland agriculture; (vi) coppice forage production system using forests and plantation sites; (vii) agroforestry system combining food and fodder production; (viii) forage production in areas with saline, alkaline or acid soils and in marshy sites; (ix) rangeland production from moisture-deficit areas; (x) preservation of surplus biomass for lean periods, in forms such as hay, silage and leaf meal; (xi) blending of shrub leaves with straws, to obtain mixtures with beneficial associative effects; (xii) minimising losses; (xiii) discouraging slashing and burning in Chittagong Hill Tracts and other hills; (xiv) dissemination of on-the-shelf technologies for improving the digestibility, nutritive value and palatability of crop residues; (xv) reducing losses through improved conservation and feeding; (xvi) improvement of crop residues through treatments; (xvii) using multi-purpose crop varieties, particularly in rainfed areas; (xviii) use of fast-growing root in sandy soils of arid and semiarid zones; (xix) biotechnologies for improving the nutritive value of feeds; (xx) development of supplementary feeds.
Bangladesh would never be cowed into not beef eating under Indian pressure as it was once a meat and milk rich country in the world. It will also try to depend on its local products made in Bangladesh. The govt would include a cow farm in its ‘Ekti Bari Ekti Khamar’ (one house one farm) project. Even buffaloes can be included in this one house one farm project to help the farmers to be self-reliant on their own milk produces.

Asma, Malala, Oishee

Awards for Malala see no dearth but there is few or no award for Asma let alone for the Oishee. They are three teens from three predominantly Muslim countries. Asma al-Beltaji is an Egyptian martyred in police shootout during an anti-coup protest in August. Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani girl who was shot at by Tehrik-e-Taliban, Pakistan for her struggle against shutting down of her school in Khaiber-Pakhtunwa. And Bangladeshi drug-addict girl Oishee Rahman has recently hit the headline local dailies by killing her parents.

Everyone has a guardian though some have two guardians— one at home and one abroad. Fortunately! Malala had two. (Sorry Malala you didn’t experience the near-death thinking of having two patrons. You were rather surrogated by a second patron other than yours one in Pakistan) The first in question is different in terms of award luck but the second and the third have no guardians abroad. As the Asma was born innocent and wanted to remain the same. She didn’t compromise with the ideology or religion of nature she was born with. No state or agency or international bodies own Asma because she was uncompromising; no state own the 17-year-old girl, not even Iran because the girl is a Sunni not Shiite. Don’t talk about Kingdom of Saudi Arabia which houses Mekkah, patronized her killer not the Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammad al-Beltaji’s daughter. But Oishee, who was born innocent like Malala and Asma was compromising. She is modern; rather ultra-modern which is appreciated by capitalists and hedonist. (Sorry, Oishee you are rather victim of immorality and its secularist-military-capitalist patrons other than yours friends in Bangladesh). But she couldn’t have got some patrons abroad — viz yaba producing Myanmar, China and Thailand and phensidyle producing India. The companies, particularly around 200 phensidyle factories sprouted along Bangram in India to smuggle into Bangladesh only, in these aforesaid countries disowned her.

Three armies of the countries of these countries— Egypt, Pakistan and Bangladesh — are beneficiary of the US aid directly or indirectly.
In the last decade the Egyptian army received around 15 billion dollar from the US, next to 27 billion received by Israeli army, Pakistani army received 11 billion It is evident from the statistics that the more a country gets US aid the more it gets vulnerable both in terms of peace and prosperity. In 2010 FY the following countries received US army aid: Afghanistan 6.8b, Israel 2.799b, Egypt 1.3b, Iraq 1.0b, Pakistan 0.913b, Jordan 0.30, Somalia 0.2, Colombia 0.18b, Russia 0.13b, Sudan 0.1b, Mexico 0.96b and Poland 0.55b. The countries which receive US aid for their armies have the least possibility of people’s empowerment. In this regard the higher the aid the lower the possibility of democracy.

Bangladesh army apparently get no direct US benefit and the credit goes to the hardy and devoted soldiers-turned-peacekeepers of the country. But many analyst see it an opportunity and assistance to work for the UN peacekeeping missions abroad though not in cash. Thank Allah that our servicemen draw salary from government exchequer or taxpayer people. Everyone knows the US gives the highest amount of subscription for the United Nations which operate the peacekeeping missions around the world. Again thanks to the performance of the Bangladeshi soldiers, police etc the country sends the highest number of peacekeepers in the world earning only 500 million dollar out of 7.2-billion-dollar peacekeeping missions of the UN.

The international community is pouring in over 17 awards for the 17-year-old Pakistani girl. Yousafzai has won the following national and international honours:
International Children’s Peace Prize nominee, National Youth Peace Prize, Sitara-e-Shujaat, Foreign Policy magazine top 100 global thinker, Time Magazine Person of the Year shortlist, Mother Teresa Memorial Award for Social Justice, Rome Prize for Peace and Humanitarian Action, Simone de Beauvoir Prize, Nobel Peace Prize nominee, Doughty Street Advocacy award of Index on Censorship, Fred and Anne Jarvis Award of the UK National Union of Teachers, Vital Voices Global Leadership Awards, Global Trailblazer, One of Time’s “100 Most Influential People In The World”, Premi Internacional Catalunya award of Catalonia, Annual Award for Development of the OPEC Fund for International Development, International Campaigner of the Year, Observer Ethical Awards, Tipperary International Peace Award etc.

Asma al-Beltazi, being killed by Egyptian army-installed govt, has so far attained a few drops of tears of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tyeb Erdogan. Of course, eyes of around sixty percent people of 8-crore strong nation who voted Dr Morsi to power democratically back in Egypt welled tears. That’s all. No write-up or feature on Asma hit Time magazine or Washington Post or anyone of 7000-10000 top circulated print media around the world. Or ten lakh camera crews of over 20000 television channels (at a rate of 50 cameramen for one TV channel) failed to take shots for broadcasting. Last but not the least she got a letter of acclaim (thanks Internet) from her beloved father that starts like this:

My beloved daughter and dignified teacher Asma al-Beltaji; I do not say goodbye to you; I say tomorrow we shall meet again.
You have lived with your head held high, rebellious against tyranny and shackles and loving freedom. You have lived as a silent seeker of new horizons to rebuild this nation to assume its place among civilizations.
You never occupied yourself with what preoccupies those of your age. Even though traditional studies failed to fulfill your aspirations and interest; you have always been the first in your class.
I have not had enough of your precious company in this short life, especially that my time did not allow me to enjoy your companionship. The last time we sat together at Rabaa Al Adawiya square you asked me “even when you are with us you are busy” and I told you “it seems that this life will not be enough to enjoy each other’s company so I pray to God that we enjoy our companionship in paradise.”
Two nights before you were murdered I saw you in my dream in a white wedding dress and you were an icon of beauty. When you lay next to me I asked you “Is it your wedding night?” You answered, “It is in the noon not the evening”. When they told me you were murdered on Wednesday afternoon I understood what you meant and I knew God had accepted your soul as a martyr. You strengthened my belief that we are on the truth and our enemy is on falsehood.
It caused me severe pain not to be at your last farewell and see you for the last time; not to kiss your forehead; and not be honoured to lead your funeral prayer. I swear to God, my darling I was not afraid for my life or from an unjust prison, but I wanted to carry the message you scarified your soul for; to complete the revolution, to win and achieve its objectives.
Your soul has been elevated with your head held high resisting the tyrants. The treacherous bullets have hit you in the chest. What spectacularly determined and pure soul. I am confident that you were honest to God and He has chosen you among us to honour you with sacrifice.
Finally, my beloved daughter and dignified teacher: I do not say goodbye, but I say farewell. We shall meet soon with our beloved Prophet and his companions in Heaven where our wish to enjoy each other’s company and our loved ones’ company will come true.
Dalia Rahman Oishee, the ambassador of a range of drugs, liquor, cigars and an epitome of all other sins a child can commit, committed the gravest crime on the earth. That was she killed her father and mother only to orphane herself and her younger brother Ohee. She was sent to school where she had to wear headgear and she disliked that and eventually dropped out of that. She was then enrolled in an English language school where she came in contact with more modern, more fashionable rather ultra-modern generation imbued with all sorts of sins though not crimes. She spent three times higher than his father’s income, buying whisky, cigars, drugs and other sorts of liquors. Detective Branch of Police couldn’t notice, Anti-Corruption Commission couldn’t file a case against such seemingly corrupt guys, no suo moto was in place to officer in charge of Teknaf and adjacent border areas where the yaba is smuggled in from Myanmar. So the little girl was lost. Now yaba, phensidyle, hashish, opium and other liqour companies should be sued to compensate for the moral damage done to the once innocent little girl.

Rather we would arrange the teens in the following order— Asma, Malala and Oishee. Asma is the symbol of innocence, Malala the experience while Oishee is the epitome of ultra-modernism — a slippery way to moral decadence and total degeneration. Every human is born as Asma, most of them grow as Malala and falls as Oishee. All of them did what commoners don’t. Both Asma and Malala could have been famous and Oishee the infamous. Out of these trio only Malala is highly rewarded. The rest others were accorded or rewarded for their glorious (sacrificing life for democracy) or inglorious (killing father and mother) works.

720 Books, 694 journals published everyday in the world!!!

February is a month of language and books in Bangladesh but in the world it is a month of International Mother Language. All these happened because of the Language Movement on 21st February in 1952. Bangla-speaking people in the eastern part of the then Pakistan fought against Urdu for Bangla. May be the language martyrs and the veterans visualized the future of West Pakistan and also the influence the country would garner in the international community. So they fought for Bengali which is next to Arabic language-speaking Muslim community. Two hundred eighty million people in 26 countries speak Arabic while 250 million people use Bangla in eight countries. The latter is the fifth language in the world for which Salam, Barkat, Rafik and Jabber sacrificed their lives.

In 1950s over 50000 journals were published but the figure reached 1000000 in 2000. So many scholars are publishing so many scholarly articles at a rate of 694 journals per day. Nearly 29 journals per hour and over one journal in two minutes. What a mammoth amount of journals are published? So many intellectual stuff for scholarly people only. Journal companies are there to do these jobs all day and night. Intellectual property rights law is there for safeguard them. Patent offices are equally busy in delineating their sisterly jobs in cooperation with the academicians and journal companies. Everything is being done for humanity, anyone related with these industries may easily claim. But reality is that the more the research works, researchers, research funds the more the world is getting dogged by problems.

Many publishers and writers pass hectic time in book writing and publishing in February in Bangladesh. But seeing the spree of book publications in the world one Bangladeshi can easily mistake the whole year for February. The publication madness all the year round is equally hectic. In spite of the exponential decline in readership, thanks to TV, internet, movie and other visual media, the world is now producing 1051200 a year. Wow! At a rate of a book per every thirty seconds. What a gigantic number of books the industry publishes! So many books in one single year! Seemingly publication of books is booming when book reading is beleaguered rather the habit nose-dives. The former is in the zenith and latter is in the nadir. Whereas in the dawn of human history there were no books for the humanity except some commandments or directives. Adam the first homo sapiens without book was the best man on the earth who was ever born. Noah needed no book to guide his people though very small in number. Other prophets also followed the path of purifying the humanity, some without nothing or the previous or some with some commandments. Several thousand years elapsed without a complete book.

For the first time in human history on Moses/Musa (peace be upon him) got a book called ‘Torah’ to guide his people. It was the first complete book of the human history when there was not too many people. When Prophet Jesus/Issa (peace be upon him) was living there was as many as 25 crore people. There were then only three major books — Old Testament (the Torah), Jabur and New Testament (the Injhil or Bible). The Jabur was revealed on Dawood/David (peace be upon him). The time of Musa was preceded by Issa. The time was around three thousand years ago when there was a small number of people on earth. According to CIA fact sheet of demography the planet was inhabited by over 250 million when Prophet Issa/Jesus (peace be upon him) lived. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was living on the planet at best 350 million people lived in on the earth and during 1800AD there were one billion people. Now it is 7.1 billion. And now according to ‘The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing’ (1450-1800) the publication spree peaked in 2000 to 52 million whereas in 1550AD only 500 titles came to market.
How many books one can read in 50 years

If a reader reads voraciously all through his/her life s/he might have read more than one per second. So 3600 words can be read in an hour. Book reading speed varies book to book, time to time and person to person. One can read more than that very easily. But if you are examined on what you have written you must need more time to scan than skim. Rapid reading of story books is very easy.

As Francis Bacon in his essay ‘Of Studies’ said,
STUDIES serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best, from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books, else distilled books are like common distilled waters, flashy things. Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit: and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know, that he doth not. Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in mores. Nay, there is no stond or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies; like as diseases of the body, may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man’s wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the Schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study 197 the lawyers’ cases. So every defect of the mind, may have a special receipt.

Very illogically indeed without any option of eating, drinking, merry-making, toileting or even sleeping a bookworm can read 1892160000 words (189.21 crore or 1892.1 million) in a solar year. And if he reads incessantly for 50 years in his life s/he could hardly read 94608000000 words (9460.80 crore or 94608 million). The calculation may open up your eyes and you will be wondered how many books you can read in your life. The more you spend time for eating, drinking, merry-making, toileting or even sleeping the less you read. But you can read 30 words when a whole book is being published every after 30 seconds. So you can’t read more than 30 words of the books, be it small or huge like those of Encyclopedia of Britannica let alone finish the latest books published in last one week. Don’t ponder on those published before your birth collected old collections in the Congress Library, British Library or Dhaka University Central Library.

How many books are needed to make human sensible?

Once I asked one of my leftist colleague of the guidance of humanity. He replied, ‘One composition at the end of Bengali grammar book’. Hmm… He probably over-simplified life along with its critical and serious questions. What he meant that a couple of proverbs — never tell a lie or always speak the truth and the such like. Are such cliché proverbs enough to answer the question of the humanity and enough to guide them properly. May be he wanted scientific inventions or secular civic laws to shoot the troubles of life. And answer the questions related with it. That 17 years schooling makes one capable of learning a life skill is known by everyone but there will be a few to tell how many hours in ethics and values classes needed to make one very sensible and moral. The question of morality and ethics is rather one of the lowest ranking discourses among the academicians dominating the western world than being popular.

The holy Torah, The holy Injhil contained some commandments while the holy Quran contains some guidelines for the humanity. It is usually said that some 500 shariah ayats are enshrined in the holy Quran. Four great prophets had their books to guide and the rest of the prophets had to guide their community in line with the books of the four great prophets. It may be very logical for the development of science and technology but to be a good leader or leaders one must need not so many books rather some commandments. May be ten or 500 commandments are enough. You don’t need to read a book every after thirty seconds to be a good professor, scientist, doctor or a journalist. Do you!

Rise and Fall of Politics


Pictures in the post are sourced from Internet

Pictures in the post are sourced from Internet

Through the War of Independence Bangladesh got liberty in 1971 from the ruling class of Pakistan.There were seven crore population and 1.52 lakh freedom fighters to ransom their lives to free the nation from the clutches of the west. People of Bangladesh started to dream a new life and change after the end of Pakistan misrule and torture. Brave freedom fighters fought against the Pakistan army to put an end to looting and concentration of wealth by the
then 22 crorepati families– all of them from the western part of the country (Pakistan). Before that Awami League
won brute majority in 1970 elections under the stewardship of the founding president of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
With the birth of the new nation aspirations for peace and prosperity went very high with much fanfare.But after much funfare the same people began to be frustrated and defranchaised about the misrule of the Bangladesh govt
in between 1972-75. People lost the right to form parties as the govt banned all political parties except one ruling party- Bangladesh Krishak Sramik League- popularly known as BAKSAL. As a result of utter mismanagement of the regime Bangladesh experienced famine, leaving several lakhs dead. People were left into despair. A vacuum was created. People were looking for a platform to heal their wound, vent their anger above all they to speak up against the then one-party rule.
A counter organisational instead of opposion political force replacing the ruling quarters (parties) like Muslim League was working to flourish then and that was Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal (JSD). At the same time
In this backdrop grooming up of some patriotic, honest and competent political activists was the demand of the time. Creation of a platform was inevitable in the dark time.Some platforms came into being then including BNP. The space was filled after long 8 years inside the independence.
History repeats itself. It took only 25 years for BNP to take u-turn, toeing the footsteps other pure capitalists and
pro-corporates or disbelieving in the market intervention on the social democratic lines or on Islamic market
monitoring lines.Starting with the professionals the party started to deviate by selling nomination to businesses in
1991 parliamentary polls and lost the ground to do something for the welfare of the people.
Businessmen turned into policymakers of the party, transforming it into businessmen’s and crorepati contractors’ party
BNP hegemony, to change pro-people BNP into pro-business or pro-rich BNP, wholesaly supported the contractors
and other businesses to flourish.Primarily politicians coming into the fold of BNP, turned into business barons
vice versa basically businessmen came to be politicians. Same fate has befallen on the commons with few exceptions of dictators’ days.
Over the years people have seen political wrangle between two capitalists–BNP and Awami League–and it again
frustrated people.Despotic nature of the government prompts the opposition to resort to confrontation
course, creating space for third party. Scope to come to power without people’s mandate was also widened.
So some brave enthusiastic and visionary young guys need to be organised. The organisation will give priority to people’s welfare, check concentration of wealth, practise democracy and social welfare activities. It will promote scholarly people, address farmers’ woes, set up a good number of educational institutes for crores of students to groom up.
Freedom Fighters, national leaders including Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani, founding president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Major General Ziaur Rahman and others will be duly honoured. With organisational strenght, love among the activists, sincerity in grooming students and furthering their career and creating around 25 lakh
jobs along with the vision to safeguard the whole nation from all forms of oppression, repression and exploitation the third force will turn into the alternative to BNP and Awami League in Bangladesh… (to be continued)

Of Vacuums of Temple, Synagogue, Church, Mosque

The old is replaced by the new if fails to provide or remains unused in spite of its full potential. The humanity hopes for the best in future though it is always unpredictable. When an existing system of purification i.e. prayer in mosques in this case fails to cater to a demand like mind controlling a new way-out or alternative is created. When some Muslims say prayers and finding it ‘insufficient’ to control his/her mind and body tend to have resorted to meditation or mind control programmes. As a result meditation or yoga centres are mushrooming and eventually getting popular day by day even among the mosque-goers or Muslim professionals.
No vacuum remains totally vacuum, soon it is filled. It is evident from the history that against the backdrop of the fall of churches mosques rose. Earlier synagogues’ vacuums were filled by churches as new places worship.
It is happening primarily because a large section of these prayees don’t or little know how to pray properly; most probably they don’t understand what the aim and process of the prayer are and these guys merely practice salat ritually. They find it a good physical exercise regrettably most of the attendees fail to straighten the qatar or align with the lines. Some align with touching their toes to the drawn lines, some others with their heels and the rest stand in middle of the lines. When Muslims are advised to straighten their qatar or warned of disunity among them. Secondarily, they don’t understand what they utter in their prayers be in private or in public in the mosques for over the years. On top of all leaderships of the mosques surely either fail to orient the prayees with the real spirit of salat or don’t feel to chalk out need-based programmes for the musallis.
Apparently it is a great failure of the mosque leaders who lead the prayers, run the mosque and the managing committee who are pseudo-politico-democratically entrusted to lead the mosque following the way or method Masjid-e-Nabvi was managed by Prophet (PBUH) himself.
Suffice it to say that when spirituality is banished from where it should have been nurtured meditation coaching or yoga centres or even salafism (a group of Muslims who put emphasis on the inner beauty of salat and other Islamic rituals) sprout in dozens in cities across the Muslim world. Thanks to the utter mismanagement of the mosques by the people who don’t manage it by example because some mosque committee presidents don’t say prayers and strange it may sound to hear that there are some mosque management committee members who are politically installed atheists.

When mosques fail to take Islamic sports and fitness programmes i.e. archery, shooting, swimming and horse-riding, consumerist or hedonist or capitalist society gives rise to fitness club, scouting, massage centres, swimming club, sword-fighting, martial arts clubs because people need to lose extra kilos even in a predominantly Muslim country. The centre of gravity shifts and these institutions are influenced by unethical forces. Whereas Prophet (pbuh) used to allow his fellows those sort of sports which is concerned with man/woman’s well-being in both body and soul and with relaxation and leisure.
‘And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war,’ [Al-Anfal] The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer,” narrated by Muslim, 6774. Prophet (pbuh) himself overpowered and defeated Rukana— a wrestler of his time — for a couple of times. Obesity is now an international health concern. Even at the fag end of the Islamic khelafat the taking of digestive drug after overeating by a section of the Muslims riled Hazrat Ayesha (R) saying that they didn’t have to go to kitchen even over one month and now you overeat and take medicine for digestion.

And sports — today’s global sports industry is worth between $480-$620 billion, according to a recent AT Kearney study of sports teams, leagues and federations. This includes infrastructure construction, sporting goods, licensed products and live sports events. In another estimation global revenues for football equal $28 billion yearly—almost as much as the combined $32 billion in revenues for all US sports— Formula 1 racing, tennis and golf. In Europe alone, football is a $22 billion business (Sponsoring sports or crores of crying crowds).
Fitness First is the largest privately owned health club group in the world. It comprises 540 Fitness First clubs worldwide reaching over 1 million members in 21 countries. In the UK alone there are 80 Fitness First clubs with over 233,000 members. In 2005, the company was acquired by BC Partners, a London-based private equity group.

The mosques lost economic authority when these institutions officially stopped collecting and mobilizing resources from as many as 20 sources including jakat, sadakatul fire, daan, sadaka, usher, kharaj etc and redistributing them among the deserving persons (i.e. poor, helpless, non-Muslims, street people particularly women and children) in the society. The power shifted to banks and other modes of financial institutes from the mosques. The Islamic establishment became debilitated and really toothless and the power hit the rock bottom to scrape (the bottom of) the barrel when paying salary to the Imams and Muezzins. In most cases most of the Imams of four lakh mosques across Bangladesh draw Tk 3000 to Tk 4000 as honorarium. Isn’t the amount of salary that keeps you guessing how do these Imams and Muezzins manage their large families with this so little income? The Prophet (pbuh) said, ya’ti alannasi jamani la Islama illa rasmuhu, masajiduhu awamiruhum auhia kharabi minal huda. Ulamauhum asharrun tahta adimissamai.

The language of the mosques all over the world is Arabic but most of the musallis who regularly participate in the mosque activities don’t have or little knowledge about Arabic language. Not only that those who go to middle east from Bangladesh don’t have take Arabic Language Test (ALT) as we have to take IELTS for going to western countries. Mosques could have programmes to teach Arabic language to its attendees so that they can understand the Quran and Hadith plus communicative competence in the language of the oil-rich countries which provide jobs scopes for highly populated countries. When Indians and Filipinos, knowing better Arabic, go to Middle East and earn a lot with top posts subordinating the Bangladeshi labourers. Many Indian non-Muslims get privileged in jobs over predominantly Muslim Bangladeshis. Once I asked a physician, ‘Do you learn Arabic (as there is high demand for doctors in Middle East) in your medical college?’ He replied shrugging off his shoulder that their govt medical college didn’t teach them English properly let alone Arabic.

A building used for prayer by the Muslims must be a mosque, be it following an ideal mosque or not. It is a public place of worship on a public property. Encouraged by the hadith ‘mam bana lillahi masjidan banallahu baitan fil jannah’ many Muslims dream to make a mosque and thus we have so many mosques in the Muslim world. Most of the mosques in Bangladesh lack arrangement for ladies prayer space or balcony, depriving as many as 8 crore people. But most of the mosques in the predominantly non-Muslim countries are very active with their life skill. Baitul Mukarram Masjid, Alamin Masjid, Katabon Masjid, Taqwa Masjid and New Market Masjid to name a few of the four lakh mosques have accommodation for the ladies in a country of women empowerment where prime minister, opposition leader, foreign minister and speaker are women. It is regrettable that they are not children-friendly. But a good number of mosques in the non-Muslim countries are women-friendly as well as children-friendly with playground for the later. Special lectures and other training programmes for the Muslim women are also greatly missing in the most of the mosques in Bangladesh, thanks to idea that if males and females say prayers in the same mosque there is the risk of fitna.
But just one look at the activities of the East London Mosque will give us an idea of an active mosque even in a predominantly Christian country. The activities are as follows:
1. The five daily prayers, Friday prayers, Taraweeh and Eid Prayers.
2. Regular and occasional Educational and Social activities such as: Weekly Fiqh Dars every Monday night. Weekly variety Dars every Friday night. Weekly variety Dars for women in Arabic every Wednesday. Weekly variety Dars for women in English. Regular sport activities for youth and adults. Various lectures and seminars by guest speakers.
3. Ramadan activities are distinctive and intensive because they are: Well attended by all members of each family on a daily basis for a full month. They include: Collective Iftar followed by Maghrib, Isha and Taraweeh prayer, and provides a unique social gathering.
4. Eid prayers are also unique and special because they are well attended by a very large number of families and followed by a collective breakfast and a distribution of free presents to hundreds of children. The Mosque committee extends an invitation to local MP’s and councillors to witness the prayer.
5. Library service for reading as well as for borrowing of books, journals and tapes.
6. An annual exhibition about Islam addressed for all the schools in the city with a very well organised programme to more than 1,000 visitor from arrival to departure including: Reception, Guide tour, Video show, Photographic service with Islamic Artifacts, Refreshments and a certificate of attendance for each school.
7. Organising reception and dinner parties at various occasions.
8. Organising social and sport activities, inside and outside the Mosque with a special attention to the needs of youth in our community.
9. Annual Reception to the university students at the starts of the Academic year.
10. Organising many courses for learning Arabic, recitation of the Holy Quran and annual competition for the memorisation of the Holy Quran. Currently, the Mosque is planning to set up a regular school for memorizing the whole of the Holy Quran.
The believing men and women are protectors and helpers of each other.
They (collaborate) to promote all that is good and oppose all that is evil;
establish prayers and give charity, and obey Allah and his Messenger.
Those are the people whom Allah would grant mercy. Indeed Allah is Exalted and Wise. (Al-Tawbah 9:71)
To know about the American mosques we can have look at a survey conducted on several hundred mosques on the other side of Atlantic Ocean. The grass is not green on the other side of the fence!
The Masjid Survey Project (MSP), co-sponsored by the Council of American Islamic Relations (CAIR), Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), Ministry of Imam W. Deen Mohammed, and the Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA), surveyed 416 randomly sampled mosques in the US. Results showed that:
The majority of those who regularly participate in mosques are men. The MSP showed that on average, across most mosques, 75% of regular participants are male. Although 54% of mosques reported regular activities for women, a sizeable majority reported only occasional activity (27%) and 19% said they did not offer any programs for women. While 50% of mosques report that women have served at one time or another on their governing or executive boards, a sizeable proportion of mosques still prevent women
from serving on their executive boards (31%). Nineteen percent said they allowed
women to serve, but did not have any women actually serving on a board for the past five years. The practice of women praying behind a curtain or in another room has increased. In 1994, 52% of mosques reported that women make prayers behind a partition or in another room, but that practice was adopted by 66% of mosques in 2000.
Most regular participants are 36 years or older (53%). Women’s Experiences and Perceptions of Masjid Practices in interviews across Canadian cities (conducted in 2001 by ISSA) many women voiced broad concerns, as well as problems of access, participation, and the approaches of masjid leadership.
Though azan is prohibited in Europe Abu Bakr mosque is an active mosque in the UK. Apart from its regular service like those of ELM the centre is a registered marriage office. It provides support and guidance to people suffering from racial harassment and is a member of the Middlesbrough Racial Harassment Multi-agency Forum. The mosque provides support and material help to refugees waiting to resolve their situation. The centre provides several types of help and offer free services to overseas students in Middlesbrough, both at the University of Teesside and the Teesside College.
Istiqlal Mosque (Independence Mosque) in Indonesian capital Jakarta, is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and has the highest capacity. Thisnational mosque of Indonesia was built to commemorate Indonesian independence when busts and statues are built in Bangladesh to commemorate its independence in 1971. The mosque was opened to the public in 1978.
Bhopal’s third female ruler, Shah Jahan Begum, wanted to build the largest mosque in the world, so in 1877 set about building Taj-ul-Masjid. It was still incomplete at her death in 1901, after funds had been diverted to other projects, and construction did not resume until 1971. It is now one of the largest mosques in India.
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is the biggest mosque in South Asia, and the fourth biggest in the world. Constructed in 1986, it was commissioned by the third King of Saudi Arabia, Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. The mosque is built at the foot of mountainous land, with the base spanning roughly 5000m2. The reading hall can accommodate more than 10,000 people — the sheer size and aura are overwhelming.

Last but not the least if we talk about mosques but fail to quote the holy Kaaba we will fail totally. During the Hajj gathering witnessed by the world is very large. In importance it is the greatest mosque though like ten other mosques in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is highly controlled and censored by the kings there. That’s why we have discussed it later whereas it should have been focused on the top of every mosque all over the world. The poor people of the planet are dreaming when the world will be governed by the honest, competent and just people from the mosques.