If per-capita loan is BDT 28000 what is debit?


It is quite clear that Bangladesh’s Gross Domestic Product is over Tk 800000 crore and total foreign debt stands at Tk 400000 crore. But it is quite unclear how many corrupt people possess how much undisclosed money. It is as vague as the ever-rising number of alcohol takers in Bangladesh. In one estimation the undisclosed money amounts to Tk 400000 crore or in another estimation by Prof Anu Muhammad the black money is as much as the total GDP itself. Then our question don’t our ten crore workforce or voters work all these years to earn anything? The total GDP is estimated thus: total consumption plus investment plus government expenditure plus (total export minus total import).
There is an untiring media campaign in Bangladesh to let its citizens know what the per-capita loan is. That sounds very disheartening for the citizens, heartening for politicians-turned-businesses or businessmen-turned-politicians, and consoling for the contractors. The breaking news on the total amount of foreign loan — four lakh crore taka in 2012 —defuses tension and possibility of mass upsurge against corruption for ministers, covers up the ‘necessary’ misappropriation of govt officials mainly up from the joint secretaries to the prime minister. The news channels help hush up the young generations from attending Tahrir in Egypt or Pearl Square in Bahrain or Occupy Wall Street in Jukuti Park in the US or Shapla Chattar on 05/05/13 in Bangladesh. The media outlet financed by prime beneficiaries of Bangladesh’s GDP growth and stricken by the fear of just transparent and welfare Bangladesh failed or deliberately didn’t cover the 20-thousand strong joint forces of police, BGB, RAB operation in the wee hours of Monday to quell the blockade/sit-in of Hefajat-e-Islam of Sunday. Often airing of such news by radio or television channels that per capita loan

Bashundhara Shopping Mall: How posh can be a shopping mall in a poor country. Internet Photo

Bashundhara Shopping Mall: How posh can be a shopping mall in a poor country. Internet Photo

now stands at Tk 28000 gives people the impression that Bangladesh has developed all these years mainly by dint of the loans. So there are many things to loathe against the capitalist republic since 1971 and their pet pundits who constantly guard the pillars of present-day economic system.
Now our question to the aforesaid persons if we have debit where is our credit. How much per capita land we are entitled to? How much arsenic-free ground and surface water of rivers flowing from the Himalayan Range and others we are supposed to drink and use? How much quality air we are entitled to breath? Who pocket the real share of Gross Domestic Product or Gross National Product? Where does the dividend of Bangladesh’s development go?
What about the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). How much FDI has made inroads into Bangladesh national debt since 1971? If you look at the FDI you will find it has got negative contribution to our economy. There is a widespread perception that none of the FDI receiving countries in the world has ever benefited from such investment.
Suppose there are 50 thousand crorepatis in Bangladesh now as the number of billionaires had been rising at a rate of four to five thousand a year since 2001 when BNP took over power, thanks to Bangladeshi democracy and capitalism of its own version. How can the loan and number of billionaires rise simultaneously?

Border killing toll reaches 1048


A Pointer to Disparity in Development between India and Bangladesh.  Photo: Internet

A Pointer to Disparity in Development between India and Bangladesh. Photo: Internet

Thakurgaon: Indian Border Security Force (BSF) shot a Bangladeshi youth dead on Thakurgaon border on July 15. The deceased was identified as Ebarot Hossain raising the BSF killing toll to 1048 since 2001. Before this killing the force killed one on Chuadanga Jibananagara border. Human rights organization Odhikar regularly keeps border killing count. The deceased, was a teenager (15) son of Mojammel Hossain of Muradhar village in Haripur upazila, who along with seven friends went to India to enjoy vacation, according to UNB reports.
Chuadanga: Indian Border Security Force (BSF) shot a Bangladeshi youth dead on Chuadanga Jibananagara border on Saturday. According to human rights organization Odhikar border killing count is raised to 1047 since 2001. The deceased was identified as Imran Hossain (19) who was the cattle trader from Hariharanagara village.
Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) of Chuadanga 6 and the local sources said, the four cattle traders along with Imran went to Medenipur midnight on Saturday by the border pillar 63. When they entered 100 yards inside the Indian border, the Putkhali BSF members opened fire on cow traders. During the fire Imran was riddled with bullet in the face and chest and died on the spot. The three others could come back his dead body.
BGB Vice – Captain Major Mehdi Hassan confirmed the authenticity of the incident and they have lodged protest with BSF.
Before the killing two other Bangladeshis were shot dead on Putkhali border at Benapole in Jessore on June 12. (Post on why Bangladeshis go to India or why Indians are working in Bangladesh soon…)

Alternative to Charity is Charity Only


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Developed needs no Donation but the Underdeveloped need it

Developed needs no Donation but the Underdeveloped needs it

Hedonism juxtaposed with humanism shows the striking contrast in the modern human character. The belief that pleasure is the most important thing in life (hedonism) and a system of thought that considers that solving human problems is the most important thing (humanism) is quite contradictory. Though capitalism tirelessly tries to teach tiny tots to be hedonist, a large section of common people shies away from the theory to accept humanism. They grieve at the sorrow and plight of the poor and the destitute and approach to help them with their savings coupled with good intention which is a must for charity works. But the term ‘charity’ is missing from the Oxford Dictionary of Economics.
Poverty is sure to rise if savings by billionaires of any society swells substantially. The higher the savings or concentration of wealth the higher the poverty. But the higher the charity the lower the savings because the more the charity the more the parity in a society. When the poor people save they die, the mid-income group save they develop capital for investment but when the rich people save they destroy the society by being mercenery and selfish.
According to Oxford Dictionary of Economics ‘The excess of income over consumption. This is a way of acquiring asset; for the economy as a whole it is the only way, since while individuals may gain or lose assets through inheritance or gambling, these cancel out on aggregation.’ So it is obvious that poor people who have not ‘the excess of income over consumption’ can’t save anything. A poor man can’t survive let alone save for investment.
Savings spells death for the destitute because they are poor and fail to earn their daily bread. If they, in spite of their poverty and pecuniary crisis, resort to savings they will be malnourished. Naturally an under-fed or half-fed man or woman can’t save anything for future investment. If they try to do so it will be self-denying and tentamount to suicide. Malnutrition will certainly end up in different health condition and the situation persisting for years will complicate the condition, leaving them to suffer from debilitating diseases and morbidity, even risking death.
Savings by the rich people turns equally dangerous for the society or country they live in. Aparently the act of savings is a good habit but if rich section of the society stops charity works and giving away alms, food, shelter to people in need it will spell destruction for the fabric of the society. Who doesn’t know that capitalism sows the seeds of its own destruction. Small capital is eaten up by the bigger capital while the biggest corporate will put an end to big capital. So in this system today’s comparatively richer people will be rich one soon, rich people will be higher middle class, and someday lower middle class only to end up being poor. It will be tentamount to denying of the society which comprises its poor section and the disabled.
Though savings are dangerous for the poor themselves and for the society if it is practised by the rich people but it is always good for the both high and low middle-class people. They can save if they try heart and soul like Della of the Gift of the Magi. O’Henry depicted Della’s — a representative of lower middle class —savings delineately. She saved penny by penny by bargaining with butcher, grocer and others vendors. Though the short story writer didn’t explore why the salaries of the professionals like Della’s husband Jim had been diminishing day by day like those of crores of underpaid job holders, we can assure you of mindset of the present day corporates.
Charity plus good intention is in proportion to savings. A household usually puts into saving what remains in excess and give away a portion of the savings when it feels to feed or help a poor neighbour in crisis. So concentration of wealth by the rich is in proportion to poverty in a society. In absence of parity in wealth distribution begging goes up in a society and impoverished people particularly the disabled are prone to beg. A 2012-report on begging shows about 26 per cent of the handicapped people have been forced into begging by their own family members, says a study on street beggars. It also says there is a correlation between poverty and begging among physically disabled beggars. The study titled “Poverty, Disability and Street Beggars: Reflections from Dhaka City” also shows that beggars spend about 53 per cent of their income to arrange food for their physically able family members. If the policy makers want to heal this wound of the society they must harness the profiteering mentality of the industrialists who thrive on the bank loans in our country.
Since the inception of Bangladesh in 1971 there was a few research on the contribution of khairat, dan, sadakah, sadakatul fitra, jakat, donation and charity to the society at large. The corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities also need to be put under scrutiny in comparison with the wealth amassed by the local or multinational corporates. Though till 1996 as many as 77 articles and 27 books were written on these topics there is space and scope for more research. The place of charity or donation was deleted when the present-day economic system of the world in 1956. Till 2003 every household in the US on an average spent 1.7 in charity but the data on the contribution of charity in Bangladesh is missing from the data generator BBS.
But roughly there are four lakh mosques, 27000 educational institutes, thousands of orphanages, waqf states and temples and churches — most of them are established by people’s charity. Though there is no wage board or service rule or day off or other benefits for the domestic helps in our country. Same is the case with the several lakh mosques — their Imams and Muezzins and Khadims. Over ten lakh people are provided all through the year by the mosques and several lakh more during the Ramadan for khatam tarabih in a country infested by high unemployment. Both the contribution of quomi and mosques are never reckoned in raising the literacy rate of Bangladesh.
Usually a practicing Muslim gives away at the rate of Tk 2.5 per cent of their yearly savings ( over 7.5 tolas of gold or 52 tolas of silver) at the end of a fiscal year. The direction of jakat is enshrined in the holy Quran repeatedly often juxtaposed with the direction of salat. Apart from giving away mandatory charity (jakat) a good Muslim is not supposed to refuse a help seeker. And a good Christian is supposed to spend one tenth (tithe) of his income for religious causes. So charity is humanity and there is only alternative to charity is charity. For parity in wealth distribution it is a must. Without charity the humanity will fall and fail.

Criticise the contemporaries, spare the dead


History of not taking lessons from human history is as historical as the history itself. Only sensible persons and true believers take lessons from history. A person, who kills his conscience, suppresses insisting inner voice and goes on compromising immorality for sure, will not pay heed to good suggestions. Among the leaders prophets were the most sincere to take lessons from rise and fall of different civilizations of the world. Hope the majorities, be they Buddhists, Christians, Muslims, Hindus or Jews of the world, will take lessons from the history and behave with the minorities in their neighborhood accordingly because all of them are majority in one country when minority in other country. While behaving with the minorities the majorities should remember that they are minority in a distant land apart from religious values and universal declaration of human rights.
There is a cultural savagery ritually practiced among the leaders and activists of Bangladesh Awami League, Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Toeing the lines of them a few of the Islamic political parties also criticise the dead leaders of the BNP and AL. In most cases in the parliament when AL in power hurls abuses against BNP’s dead stalwarts including President Ziaur Rahman and other nationalists the later walk out in protest. On the vice versa the former walks out of the parliament in the face of BNP’s abusive tirades against Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and other secularist leaders.
As Bangladesh experienced the lowest ever temperature last winter it is widely anticipated that mercury most likely to go to the top, breaking a new record in this summer. Those of you are physically stout and disease-resistant couldn’t have been careless about health in this simmering summer let alone those who are vulnerable to severe heat. Apart from weather being extremist many sociopolitical and religio-economic incidents and developments in Bangladesh are seemingly taking extremist turn. Suppose when atheist bloggers extremely outshined Salman Rushdie, Dawood Haider and others in blaspheming Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasallam and in response to that several million people gathered in Motijheel on April 6 to denounce the defamation, blasphemy, character assassination and stigmatizing — which are prohibited in the laws of the land— the Prophet of Islam only. It was the manifestation of extreme capacity of an apolitical organization— Hefajat-e-Islam. Misinformation, disinformation and maligning to their new extreme point are going on in full swing by some so-called insiders primarily to serve the purpose of the anti-Islamic forces and countries and secondarily to debilitate the predominantly Muslim countries including Bangladesh. Speaking ill of others, backbiting of contemporaries and even back-lashing of dead leaders are done indiscriminately both by the activists of main two political camps— AL and BNP.
Even a section of good Muslims mistakenly follow the footsteps of nationalists and secularists whereas Islam teaches to spare the dead persons of being backbitten, as in the presence of Ikrama and his father Abu Jehel in the present case . It also teaches ‘la nufarriku bina ahadimmirrasuli’ not to differentiate between the Prophets. On top of all Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasallam even taught his fellows not to speak ill of the idols like Laat, Hojja and others in front of their worshippers who in retaliation may speak ill of Allah. In case of facts and concrete documents one can place them very positively.

Muslims as Minorities in the East


Is 2009 too far? Have you forgotten about the clashes that erupted between Chinese Han and Uighur — two of the 55 ethnic minorities, leaving several hundreds dead and thousand others injured? In July 2012, the London-based human rights group Amnesty International said that three years on from the Urumqi riots, the Chinese authorities were continuing “to silence those speaking out on abuses” in Xinjiang. After three years inside the bloody incidents in Buddhist majority China, also a home to 200 million Muslims, it all began in Myanmar. Muslims particularly Rohingyas started facing discrimination, summary trial, rape, deprivation of rights to own their ancestral land, giving birth to baby and total ethnic cleansing. Rohingyas, mostly poor villagers of Sittwe having almost no access to education, treatment are deprived of most of the civic amenities as Islam is their religion and speak Bangla. Even they are not allowed to gravitate to cities for work. Replicating those racial tensions in China and Myanmar Muslim bashing started in Sri Lanka though slowly inside four years after the civil war which left several thousand Muslims dead for the unified Lanka. At the hands of LTTE many were killed and over one lakh displaced from the north. LTTE leader Villupillai Provakaran in 2002 acknowledged that extradition and ethnic cleansing of Muslims from the Tamil-dominated north was a mistake. The less said of Muslim-bashing in southernmost Thailand and Mindanao of Philippines the better.
Among these countries situation in Myanmar is the gravest as the ‘state hands’ were reportedly the Muslim-bashing. The recent spate of clash in Rakhaine as well as in the central states left several hundred dead and 1300 houses were razed to the ground, displacing thousands others. Probably the fishes of the Bay of Bengal and other waters went very happy because of the dead Rohingyas while fleeing on boat to the destinations like Bangladesh, Thailand and Malaysia. Human rights watchdogs find the deliberate inertia of the Myanmar police and demand probe into the ethnic cleansing though a small number of Buddhists were affected.
Human right is such a term which is not applicable to the Muslims in Myanmar. The former junta apparently turned into an ethnic-cleansing rogue ruler. National League for Democracy leader Aung Sun Suu Kyi, like many other capitalists, has no strong say about the minority persecution in Myanmar. As a populist and an apparent capitalist she didn’t want to hurt the sentiment and Buddhist nationalist voters back at home. But she should know that once she was a political minority for raising voice against junta govt and the Swedish Nobel Academy had awarded her Nobel Peace Prize without any vision. There is food for thought for Suu Kyi whose father promised to solve the problems of the Muslims of the country.
Ethnic minorities in Bangladesh who look like those of Bamars or Mongoloids with their snub nose amount to 8 lakh. Coincidentally the ethnic minorities in Myanmar who look like those of Bangladeshis with their dark complexion and sharp nose amount to 8 lakh. The United Nations claims ethnic minorities in Myanmar to be the most persecuted minorities in the world not the Bangladeshi ethnic minorities (Magh, Chakma, Murang and others). Here in Bangladesh tribal people don’t have to struggle against striking out their status as ethnic minorities but the Rohingyas have to. Chittagong Hill Tract minorities are trying to get the indigenous priority which Bomang Raja Aung Shu Pro Chowdhury said they were not indigenous people in CHT. They threaten struggle against the majorities in Bangladesh as they enjoy different quota in education, job and other sectors. Rather they had been living here since 17th century whereas Rohingyas have been living in Arakan state of Myanmar for centuries in impoverished state. Even 1982 citizen law deprived them of citizenship. If expulsion of minorities go on in the countries all over the world there will be countries left based only on religions. All the Christians will migrate to predominantly Christian countries and 160 crore (23pc) Muslims only to 57 Muslim countries and in this way Hindus to India and Nepal. But Jews will have left only to migrate to Israel when Buddhists to China, Japan, Cambodia, Thailand Myanmar and other predominantly Buddhist countries. If new polarization on the basis of religious beliefs takes place with such massive migration what will happen to other religions — (Shikh Jaina, Shintu and hundreds of minorities — than four major religions (Buddhist, Christians, Muslims and Hindus). Where will the minor religions migrate to live in because they have no country to call their own? They will have no state and thus they won’t exist?
In the wake latest spate of killing in Rakhaine state at long last OIC, Egypt, Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia have come up to call the killing massacre of Rohingyas. Human Rights Watch issued statement saying that Myanmar forces join the Rakhaine Buddhist radicals to kill, torture, intimidate, use excessive force on the ethnic minority Rohingya to leave their motherland.
In Thailand, another ASEAN nation on Myanmar border, more than 5,500 people have been killed in continual violence in Muslim-dominated three southernmost provinces. The country is 1,291.6 km away from Myanmar. In fact the first killing of Muslims started in 2004. The militants have mainly targeted security forces and teachers, who represent the government in the provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat which are largely populated by Malay-speaking Muslims. The Muslim sultanate was annexed with faraway Bangkok in the beginning of the 20th century. Muslims have long complained of discrimination by the central government, and the insurgents are thought to be fighting for autonomy. But the insurgency remains murky, with Barisan Revolusi Nasional making no public pronouncements on their goals. Conspicuously the per capita income in Thailand is much lower than those of Malaysia which is on the border of Thai Muslim-dominated provinces where people complain of discrimination. So naturally insurgency takes deep roots among the deprived Thai Muslims who want living conditions better than those of Thailand.
At a distance of 2,215 kilometers there is another trouble spot, Mindanao in Philippines, where Muslim-bashing goes on now and then. These refugees eventually stretched Sabah’s social welfare capacity and led many Sabahans to hold them and their descendants with contempt as a burden and a security threat to the state. Kuala Lumpur’s attempt to change the demographic balance of Sabah by increasing its Muslim population and provide citizenship to Filipino and Indonesian Muslim immigrants also created some resentment between native non-Muslim Sabahans and later arrivals.
Malaysia’s reaction to the Lahad Datu standoff had been criticized by many human rights groups. While the original target was a group of only about 200 people, of which only about two dozen or so were armed, the Malaysian response crystallized in Operation Daulat. This operation was seen as excessive – a combined land, air and sea assault and deployment of several regular army battalions. While there is much pressure to come up with a strong response in the run-up to what many see as very close electoral contest, the Malaysian government should also weigh the reaction of local Sabahans, the Philippine government, not to mention the international community.
Refugees arriving in Tawi-Tawi, Sulu, Basilan and Zamboanga spoke of abuses and human rights violations committed by Malaysian security forces in the course of their mopping up operations and rooting out alleged supporters of the Royal Sulu Army. Beatings, harassment, intimidation and threats were heard from traumatized Tausugs and Sama-Bajaus fleeing Sabah. If proper measures will not be put in place, Malaysian plans to relocate Sabah coastal villagers allegedly “prone” to infiltration may also be susceptible to the same abuses, such as forced eviction and forced resettlement.
In addition, Manila’s request for humanitarian missions and access to Filipinos caught in the conflict, including both suspected RSA members, supporters and innocent civilians, are still denied. Moreover, it is very difficult to obtain reliable reports on the ground since independent press were denied entry.
While Kuala Lumpur’s actions may address the immediate security risks posed by the few supporters of the Sulu Sultan, it may spur long-term negative backlash. The most immediate are grievances against Malaysia’s role in the GPH-MILF peace process, a role contested by some at the onset but did not get much attention until after the Lahad Datu standoff. The Philippine government maintained that the recent Sabah conundrum will not affect the peace process, but considering the sentiments of those who felt left out in the process and the refugees arriving from Sabah, the upcoming referendum test for the Kuala Lumpur-brokered peace framework will prove difficult.
Malaysia’s tainted image in the Mindanao peace process may also not sit well with its present role in ending the decades-old Muslim Malay insurgency in southern Thailand.
Finally, far from letting the dormant Philippine Sabah claim sleep another deep slumber, the recent Sabah issue will only add more pressure on Manila to take a more vigorous stance, not only in reviving, but more so in pursuing the claim through various legal and diplomatic means.
Interference in the affairs of other countries has its merits. But one should be prepared for its consequences. Will recent events compel Kuala Lumpur to rethink its Mindanao strategy? Whatever contours or features this new stratagem may have, let us all hope that it will bring lasting peace to Sulu and Mindanao and a just settlement of the never-ending Sabah issue.
As the ‘minority’ issue is very a sensitive and thought-provoking so it is cashed and politicized particularly in developing countries. The ‘minority card’ is cashed by many local as well as the international communities. In the first place the word ‘minority’ suggests a feeling, an idea of small religious groups apart from its main meaning. According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary minority means ‘the smaller part of a group; less than half of the people or things in a large group’. Quite opposite of that is the term ‘majority’ which denotes ‘the largest part of a group of people or things’. Those who speak or work or go against the majority are minorities irrespective of their cast, creed and society.
But the term has got many other dimensions, denotations and connotations. The section of people who protest and demonstrate against any injustice, disparity, unjust distribution of world wealth, plundering of the poor can be termed as minority. Those who speak the truth is the real minority in an office, family, and in the state. A truthful minority essentially should have friends. But virtually on earth only a truthful befriends a truthful, an outspoken befriends an outspoken and an opportunist befriends an opportunist. Majority of the people are never outspoken. In the face of torture, intimidation and all sorts of human rights abuse the minorities migrate from the countries of their own to other. They become homeless, jobless and a small part of the uncompromising and poor minorities eventually turn into gypsies — Bedey, Roma, etc. These dissents look for political asylum, immigration in third country to escape arrest, jail, majority wrath, punishment back at home country.
For supporting the cause of united Sri Lanka for long 26 years civil war Muslims restarted to suffer Muslim-bashing. As many as The tension gradually mounted high centering the halal certification for the shops who want to sell goods to Muslim consumers. The Sri Lankan grocers who don’t want to sell produces to Muslims need no certificates. The troubles centering the halal certificates issued by All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama, have caused intense feelings of insecurity among the Muslims.

However for all sorts of bashing a society needs to familiarize the terms like fundamentalist, jihadist, militant, anti-Semitic, anti-Indian etc with the society, people and the world first. A media campaign including television, radio, print media and also online are operated until the suppressing or gagging looks positive. Such a media campaign was launched against Iraq and its Saddam regime. After long ten years of embargo and media propaganda against the country having weapons of mass destruction and getting nod from media mogul Rupert Murdoch the US-led invasion started in 2001. The same media campaign war is going on against Iran of preparing for nuclear weapon. It doesn’t need much intellect and effort to understand how the US and Israel are planning to destroy the country. Muslims, in the predominantly Buddhist countries like Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, China and also Sri Lanka in the present case, face misinformation, maligning, giving bad names and all sorts of discriminations. If they react or protest against all sorts of misinformation, maligning, giving bad names and discriminations in jobs, religious, personal, social rights, then they are antagonized and demonized and thus kill them in the name of security, peace, democracy, etc. So the policy of ‘marginalize, malign then murder’ is implemented.

Plagiarism and PhD Plague


Substantiating the widespread perception that PhD degree is a commodity and it is sold and faked the police are investigating an Indian university suspected of issuing fake PhDs after it awarded more than 400 doctorates in a single year. AFP reported The police have arrested four senior officials from CMJ University in the northeastern state of Meghalaya on suspicion of fraud and forgery and are hunting for the chancellor, who has fled. PhD faking and plagiarism are going all over the world hand in hand. There is no respite from such news of faking and cheating surfacing.
Probably it will be the most useless attempt to introduce Bangladeshi students with cheating in public examinations. Most of the illiterate guys in this country is not ignorant about copying or plagiarism. But it is growing useless to introduce plagiarism with the North American, European and Scandinavian students, albeit by virtue of media. In Bangla and Arabic plagiarism is popularly known as naqal and to Southeast Asian students the plagiarists are always on the prowl during exams. It is particularly popular with the inattentive students but quite unpopular with the attentive and studious ones.
In spite of rampant cheating and expulsion during exams one may ask what is plagiarism and what are its’ scopes? Usually the following activities are considered as adoption of unfair means:
communicating with fellow students for obtaining help excepting for collaborative work, copying from another student’s script or report or paper, copying from printed matter, hand-written script, writing on desk or palm of hand, or from other incriminating documents during quizzes or exams, plagiarizing or copying from existing work without reference for inclusion in report or paper, possession of any incriminating document, whether used or not, and any approach in direct or indirect form to influence a teacher concerning grades.
In old good days plagiarism was viewed as something highly immoral as other social decadences. Moral decadence of the modern world traces back to death and destruction havocked on the planet during the World War II. It all started when capitalism was put in place and Breton-Woods system was applied to the new world order after 1945 with the US in the helm. The moral standard started eroding during the Pakistan period and the moral depravation reached nadir soon after the independence of Bangladesh and the erosion is still going on.
Personally I know some guys who dropped out of education due to widespread cheating in public examinations in the seventies? They stopped studying even after getting first division in the SSC or equivalent exams. Who is to pay for their sheer frustration about studying hard to learn when cheating went rampant in SSC and HSC or equivalent examinations soon after the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971?

Very recently Harvard suspended around 60 students and disciplined others after a mass cheating scandal at the elite US university.
The cheating, said to have involved students sharing answers in a final exam on a government course, has startled the rest of the world. As many as 125 students at the $63,000-a-year university have been implicated in cheating since the officials first addressed the issue last year.
An inquiry was launched after a teaching assistant in a spring term undergraduate government class detected problems in the take-home test, including that students may have shared answers.
Cheating didn’t stop here in America it went on invading Europe and Scandinavian countries in fairly recent past. Not far ago Hungary’s parliament accepted the resignation of President Pal Schmitt, who announced he was stepping down after losing his doctorate in a plagiarism scandal. Schmitt’s 1992 doctorate was revoked last week after a university committee found that most of his thesis about the modern Olympic Games had been copied from two other authors.
The two-time Olympic gold medal-winning fencer had an instrumental role in pushing the agenda of Orban’s government, signing controversial reforms, such as retroactive taxes, into law.

But what happens in the European power house? Germany’s embattled Education and Science Minister Annette Schavan has resigned over a plagiarism scandal, dealing an election-year blow to Angela Merkel’s government. A university panel recently found the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) minister guilty of “deliberate deception” for using foreign text passages without proper citation in her 33-year-old thesis.
Schavan, 57, reiterated she would challenge the university’s decision legally, insisting that “I neither copied nor deceived” and saying that “the allegations have hurt me deeply”.
Schavan became the second Merkel cabinet minister to quit over plagiarism, which also ended the political career of former defence minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg in 2011. At the time, Schavan, a tireless campaigner for excellence in education, was among the fiercest critics of zu Guttenberg, then a rising conservative star, saying he should be ashamed of himself.
The plagiarism case around Schavan and her own 1980 doctoral thesis, entitled “People and Conscience” first surfaced in April when an anonymous online posting accused her of cheating.
A panel at Heinrich Heine University in Duesseldorf announced it was withdrawing her doctor title, a decision still subject to an appeals process.
Academic plagiarism scandals – fuelled by the advent of software that can easily find matching text passages in different digitised documents – have damaged several European officials recently. Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta resisted calls to resign over similar allegations.

Now one may ask why both eastern and western educational institutes launch anti-plagiarism drive when exams nock at the next door. Speculating on the reasons behind adopting unfair means in the exam halls one will find common causes similar to that of other moral depravations and social breakdown.
Primarily lack of study at home and subsequent failure in the answering the questions in the exam halls prompt students to copy from others’ answer script. But probably the political leaders like those aforesaid adopt unfair means in their doctoral thesis because they without giving proper time want certificate to invest in political career.
School students of the institutions which don’t arrange attractive classes often fail in the internal as well as public exams tend to cheat fellow examinees ultimately. This means they get less effective teacher-student contact hours. Absence of quality teachers complicates the situation. Even cheating marks Superior Service Pool and departmental examination in Bangladesh government services.

All over the universities and governments of the modern civilisation do studies for knowing about the social issues which most concern them. Even intelligence agencies like FBI conduct studies time to time. The rise in crime in most cases is linked with poverty, unemployment, rights abuse, injustice etc. Even some studies the real cause of social and psychological disorder was post-war freedom and individualism.
There goes statistics and study war in the world. The erupts between civilizations, nations, companies purportedly. Most of the agencies or countries financing their pet researchers to find out something which will serve their purpose. One of the recent studies, done by David Dickinson, of British Institute for Public Policy Research, it examined long-term trends in great detail and, among many other things, demonstrated the simple fact that most criminals are unemployed. Whereas FBI studies don’t hold unemployment primarily responsible for spurt in crime. If the same agency is assigned to conduct studies on terrorism the Federal Investigation Bureau most probably will not find US war on terror, killing of innocent people by drone attack, secretive killings by CIA etc.
Looking deep into the matter inquisitively factor we see invigilators’ lenience in the exam halls prompts students to adopt unfair means. Poor family values may be held responsible partially for cheating by students in public exams.
But why children turn criminal is a great question. There is study by Gwyneth Boswell of the University of East Anglia, reported on the backgrounds of children who kill, rape and injure. After looking at 250 juveniles in prison or in care for the most serious crimes, Dr Boswell found that 40 per cent had been beaten and bullied before they turned to crime and another third had been raped, buggered or otherwise sexually assaulted by a relative or family friend.
Poor pay coupled with poor education infrastructure results in poor performance of the teachers. Underpaid teachers, necessarily failing to meet their demands sufficiently with their salary, have to augment their income by doing something else. It certainly affects their performance on the campuses. This tension depresses them deeply and they fail to be 100 per cent sincere to their occupation of teaching. As a result students get the smaller pie of devotion. University teachers, certainly those who have demand on the consultancy market, look for consultancy jobs, part-time jobs in private university, get involved politics in some cases and those who have nothing to do. What about college teachers? Non-govt college teachers particularly those who get students for private tuition can augment income smoothly but those who don’t get tuition they do a variety of businesses including stock business to running a library.
Madrassah teachers of different institutions under Monthly Pay Order toe the lines of college and schoolteachers. A good number of them hardly make any difference though they know cheating is prohibited in the holy Quran and the Hadith. Pecuniary crisis prompt them to resort to augment income. What is the immediate effect? They get preoccupied with the profession yielding much or accruing much to his or her income. At the same time they get tired in adding something to their existing salary. So they poorly perform in grooming up their students and live up to the expectation of world standard. The students underperform, paving the way for cheating by the students in public exams. In defense of traditional madrassah education in Bangladesh a section of teachers claim that ‘Islamic education’ will be stalled if we don’t allow our students to copy each other in public exams. Surreal claim indeed. Is it true that without cheating madrassah students can’t pass those exams?
Different education commissions were formed in the last forty years to devise new education policy replacing the old one. The commissions successfully failed to do two things– on the one hand to make teaching profession as the first choice among 29 cadre job in BCS and to expand and popularise technical education among the 10 crore under-30 generation. Education budget in Bangladesh, a developing country, gets on an average around 2.5 per cent of the total budget but Pakistan gets the even lesser for its education. Whereas Japan, which is already a developed country in the world, spends around 47 per cent of their budget. Since the independence of Bangladesh has got several ministers for development of education but one state minister could successfully contain the cheating during 2001-2006 govt which was applauded by the cross section of people.
Enough investment in education, due importance on moral education, stopping concentration of wealth and recruitment of best quality teachers can best stop the plagiarism plaguing our planet. If our parents hadn’t loved most to groom us and the governments had been entrusted to educate us, most of the 710 crore people would have remained ignorant.

The more the poor the more the suicide


Are you a loanee, failing to pay off your debt? Those who are anti-govt are trying to take personal loan even though they are not getting that loan easily on demand. This informal transaction has probably come down to naught. Have you seen any news item on the personal loan in the print or electronic media in Bangladesh? Probably not because traditional way of covering the news of the business barons and political cronies has dogged the profession, putting an end to its greatness once it had and should have. It is very usual that people belonging opposition camps live penury at least this time it is true for the honest professionals because of price spiral. And those used to live on the political leftover of the then ruling party are also not only politically but also economically unless he or she belongs to the fortunate 15 to 20 thousand cronies whom BNP allowed to be crorepatis. This time a Bangladeshi banker failing to pay off debt found him on the top of the suicide list. Thirty-five-year old Majharul Haque lost huge amount of money and was a loan defaulter at Arab Bangladesh Bank, said manager Habibur Rahman of the same bank. He could have risen to the position of ‘crorepati’ like the businesses of the country who like the Indian and Pakistani crorepaties are amassing huge amount of money albeit by defaulting. Had our over thirty thousand crorepatis sense as much as of Majharul they would have taken their lives soon after they had become millionaire. Just out of the shame of being a loan defaulter Majharul took his life on December 23 just two days before Farhan Abdul Latif, the seventh suicide victim of Guantanamo Bay prison, took his life when the later saw no light of justice at the end of the 11 years in prison. Obama wanted to seal the Gitmo prison of 160 inmates condemned without trial, on the eve of his second time in White House he is yet to turn up though.
This time a Bangladeshi banker gets a berth in the suicide list. Majharul lost huge amount of money and was a loan defaulter at AB bank, said manager Habibur Rahman of the same bank. Majharul took his life on December 23 just two days before Farhan Abdul Latif, the seventh suicide victim of Guantanamo Bay prison, took his life when the later saw no light of justice at the end of the 11 years in prison. Obama wanted to seal the Gitmo prison of 160 inmates condemned without trial, on the eve of his second time in Whitehouse he is yet to turn up though.
Fourteen-year-old Srabonti Akhter Pinky is one of those 110 girls who committed suicide in last 47 months. In human rights watchdog Odhikar’s report revealed in 2012 that in the same period 5281 women, children were victims of dowry, rape and acid throwing. Pinky, a JSC examinee, took her life in December. Srabonti was abducted by Ronnie on November 28, and eventually rescued by the police. While Ronnie was sent to jail and then denied bail, his family went to Srabonti’s house and insulted her which, according to her father, may have prompted her to commit suicide.
Earlier this year, Aleya Akhtar Smriti was hacked to death by one Ismail Hossain who had been harassing her for a while. The death of a Natore College teacher, who had protested at harassment of his students, and the killing of a woman by her daughters’ stalker, both around the same time in 2010, reflect a rise in not only the rate but the ferocity of the stalkers. Furthermore, it is a matter of grave concern that the stalkers are now going beyond their immediate victims and targeting anyone who stands up against the culprits.
The government should implement strict laws and hold accountable any persons responsible for harassing, abducting, raping, killing, etc women. The judges can come up to issue suo moto rule in aid of the media to contain the crime against humanity.